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Honey Bee Swarms: What they are and what to do if you see one

3 May 2018

Following the long winter of 2017-2018 and the late spring, colonies of honey bees are under tremendous stress. In the wild the survival chance of a honey bee swarm is about 20 per cent. Collected, and housed in a hive by a beekeeper, the survival rate triples. The North Bucks Beekeepers Association (NBBKA) needs the help of everyone in Milton Keynes to ensure we collect as many swarms this year as possible. If you see a swarm of bees please contact the NBBKA on the swarm-line number at the bottom of this post. They will send a beekeeper to collect the swarm and provide it with a new home.

What is a honey bee swarm?

Swarms are merely colonies that are in transition. Normally these swarms are found hanging from tree branch, fence post or any place where the swarm can gather around the Queen while scouts are sent out to look for a more permanent home. A swarm left alone will only be in place from just a few minutes to a few hours and occasionally a few days. Generally, these swarms are very docile and the swarming bees usually will not sting. Before honey bees swarm they gorge themselves with honey before leaving the hive. This makes it very hard for them to double over and sting.

What causes honey bees to swarm?

Honey bees have a natural instinct to create new colonies by swarming. They may also swarm through overcrowding or because an old queen is thought to be failing and they wish to raise a new one. Honey bees usually swarm in early spring just as the colony is building up numbers in anticipation of the upcoming honey flow but swarming can happen through to late summer.

What should you do if you see a swarm? The collection of swarms is an important part of the work of bee keepers. You should never interfere with a swarm and pest control companies will not kill a swarm unless absolutely necessary.

Please contact:

NBBKA Swarm Hotline 07342 930851

https://www.nbbka.org/keepingBees/swarms_contacts.aspx

Bee swarm poster